Crp programs in south dakota

The USDA Farm Service Agency's (FSA) Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) is a voluntary program available to producers to help them safeguard environmentally sensitive land. Producers enrolled in CRP, plant long-term, resource-conserving covers to improve the quality of water, control soil erosion and enhance wildlife habitat.

  • FSA provides participants with rental payments and cost-share assistance. Contract duration is between 10 and 15 years.

  • There are two ways to sign-up for CRP, general sign-ups and continuous sign-ups.
    • During a general CRP sign-up, USDA takes offers during a designated signup period. They then rank all of the offers based on an environmental benefits index and make offers of enrollment to those that score above a certain level. The accepted score is not determined until after all offers have been received.

    • Continuous CRP sign-ups are done just as the name reads. Offers are accepted continuously on a first come, first served basis until acres allocated to specific intitiatives are used up. As long as the offer meets the criteria of the initiative it is enrolled. There is not designated sign-up period.

  • Eligible conservation practices include riparian buffers, wildlife habitat buffers, wetland buffers, filter strips, wetland restoration, grass waterways, shelterbelts, living snow fence, contour grass strips, salt tolerant vegetation and shallow water areas for wildlife.

  • CRP Fact Sheet.

CRP Programs in South Dakota

Grassland CRP
New in 2015 is the Grassland CRP. This is a working lands CRP that pays landowners up to 75 percent of the county average grazing lease rental rate to place land into a 15 year CRP contract that allows them to graze, hay, or harvest seed on the enrolled grassland acres. The grass can be expiring CRP or existing rangeland.

Sign up is continuous throughout the year with a batching and ranking deadline to determine which offers are accepted.

CRP Pollinator Habitat
This program has no acreage allocation limitation and requires a pollinator friendly cover of a diverse mix flowering plants and grasses that benefits pollinators all growing season long. Pollinator information can be found in the September/October issue of the Conservation Digest articles, Dakota Naturalist: Little Wings on the Prairie and Pollinator Predicament.

South Dakota Pheasants SAFE
The goal of the South Dakota Pheasants SAFE project is to enroll 94,500 acres in CRP to provide block grass acreages for pheasants and other upland birds in the form of nesting, brood-rearing, winter-roosting and escape cover to help increase their populations.

Western South Dakota Grassland Wildlife Habitat SAFE
This program strives to enroll 40,800 acres in CRP to provide grassland cover in cropland for grassland dependent bird species for breeding, nesting, brood rearing, winter and foraging cover. Specifically, the short-eared owl, grasshopper sparrow, dickcissel, bobolink, and sharp-tailed grouse prefer to nest in tall, dense cover typically provided by CRP. It will also develop habitat for non-game grassland birds, improve water quality and reduce soil erosion.


CRP Duck Nesting Habitat Initiative
The Duck Nesting Habitat Initiative aims to restore up to 300,000 acres of certain wetlands located outside of the 100-year floodplain in Iowa, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota.

Restoring these wetlands will provide nesting ducks with critical habitat, nesting cover, security from predators and food.

CRP Wetlands Restoration Initiative
The Wetlands Restoration Initiative aims to restore up to 137,500 acres of flood plain and non-floodplain wetlands.

CRP Farmable Wetlands Program
The Farmable Wetlands Program is a voluntary program to restore up to 120,000 acres of farmable wetlands and associated buffers by improving the land's hydrology and vegetation.

CRP Habitat Buffer for Upland Birds Initiative
The Northern Bobwhite Quail Habitat Initiative is aimed at creating 350,000 acres of habitat for the northern bobwhite quail.

The initiative introduces a conservation practice intended to create 250,000 acres of early successional grass buffers along agricultural field borders.

Contact Information

For additional information on any of the CRP programs above, please contact a habitat advisor in your area or visit your local USDA Service Center office.